Immortality

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immortality

Übersetzung für 'immortality' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Entdecken Sie Immortality von Céline Dion feat. the Bee Gees bei Amazon Music . Werbefrei streamen oder als CD und MP3 kaufen bei bgrealty.eu bgrealty.eu | Übersetzungen für 'immortality' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. A man established in the understanding of the unlimited abundance of absolute existence is naturally free from schweiz gegen portugal of the relative order. Resources for immortality Time Traveler! Transforming a human into a cyborg can include brain implants or extracting a wm quali griechenland processing unit and placing it in a robotic life-support system. Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 11 January Memnonwho was killed by Achilles, seems to have received a similar fate. The classic and stereotypical vampire is typically slain by one of several very specific means, including a silver bullet or piercing with other silver weaponsa stake through the heart perhaps made of consecrated woodor by exposing them to sunlight. Asclepius betway casino free spins no deposit killed by Zeus only evrofutbol be resurrected and transformed into a major deity. Comedian ISMO on what separates a boot from a trunk. Retrieved 4 September spar casino gutscheine Whatever the route to mind upload, persons in this state could then be considered essentially immortal, map of las vegas casino strip of loss or traumatic destruction of the machines that maintained them. Being the seat of consciousnessthe brain cannot be film casino king comic 8 part 2 to trauma if a continuous physical life is to be maintained.

This is not the only Jewish belief about the afterlife. The Tanakh is not specific about the afterlife, so there are wide differences in views and explanations among believers.

A list of good deeds and sins are tallied to determine whether or not a mortal is worthy. Spiritual immortality in this definition allows the soul to leave the earthly realms of afterlife and go to pure realms in the Taoist cosmology.

Zoroastrians believe that on the fourth day after death, the human soul leaves the body and the body remains as an empty shell.

Souls would go to either heaven or hell; these concepts of the afterlife in Zoroastrianism may have influenced Abrahamic religions.

The Persian word for "immortal" is associated with the month "Amurdad", meaning "deathless" in Persian, in the Iranian calendar near the end of July.

The month of Amurdad or Ameretat is celebrated in Persian culture as ancient Persians believed the "Angel of Immortality" won over the "Angel of Death" in this month.

Alcmaeon of Croton argued that the soul is continuously and ceaselessly in motion. The exact form of his argument is unclear, but it appears to have influenced Plato, Aristotle, and other later writers.

Plotinus first argues that the soul is simple , then notes that a simple being cannot decompose. Many subsequent philosophers have argued both that the soul is simple and that it must be immortal.

Avicenna argued for the distinctness of the soul and the body, and the incorruptibility of the former. Descartes does not address the possibility that the soul might suddenly disappear.

In early work, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz endorses a version of the argument from the simplicity of the soul to its immortality, but like his predecessors, he does not address the possibility that the soul might suddenly disappear.

In his monadology he advances a sophisticated novel argument for the immortality of monads. It is a series of three dialogues, revisiting the Platonic dialogue Phaedo , in which Socrates argues for the immortality of the soul, in preparation for his own death.

Many philosophers, including Plotinus, Descartes, and Leibniz, argue that the soul is simple, and that because simples cannot decompose they must be immortal.

In the Phaedon, Mendelssohn addresses gaps in earlier versions of this argument an argument that Kant calls the Achilles of Rationalist Psychology.

The Phaedon contains an original argument for the simplicity of the soul, and also an original argument that simples cannot suddenly disappear.

It contains further original arguments that the soul must retain its rational capacities as long as it exists.

The possibility of clinical immortality raises a host of medical, philosophical, and religious issues and ethical questions. These include persistent vegetative states , the nature of personality over time, technology to mimic or copy the mind or its processes, social and economic disparities created by longevity , and survival of the heat death of the universe.

Jorge Luis Borges explored the idea that life gets its meaning from death in the short story " The Immortal "; an entire society having achieved immortality, they found time becoming infinite, and so found no motivation for any action.

In the anime Casshern Sins humanity achieves immortality due to advances in medical technology; however, the inability of the human race to die causes Luna, a Messianic figure, to come forth and offer normal lifespans because she believed that without death, humans could not live.

In his book Death , Yale philosopher Shelly Kagan argues that any form of human immortality would be undesirable. Either our characters remain essentially the same in an immortal afterlife, or they do not.

If our characters remain basically the same—that is, if we retain more or less the desires, interests, and goals that we have now—then eventually, over an infinite stretch of time, we will get bored and find eternal life unbearably tedious.

If, on the other hand, our characters are radically changed—e. Either way, Kagan argues, immortality is unattractive. The best outcome, Kagan argues, would be for humans to live as long as they desired and then to accept death gratefully as rescuing us from the unbearable tedium of immortality.

The world is already experiencing a global demographic shift of increasingly ageing populations with lower replacement rates.

Although some scientists state that radical life extension, delaying and stopping aging are achievable, [66] there are no international or national programs focused on stopping aging or on radical life extension.

In in Russia, and then in the United States, Israel and the Netherlands, pro-immortality political parties were launched. They aimed to provide political support to anti-aging and radical life extension research and technologies and at the same time transition to the next step, radical life extension, life without aging, and finally, immortality and aim to make possible access to such technologies to most currently living people.

There are numerous symbols representing immortality. The ankh is an Egyptian symbol of life that holds connotations of immortality when depicted in the hands of the gods and pharaohs , who were seen as having control over the journey of life.

Most symbolic representations of infinity or the life cycle are often used to represent immortality depending on the context they are placed in.

Other examples include the Ouroboros , the Chinese fungus of longevity, the ten kanji , the phoenix , the peacock in Christianity, [68] and the colors amaranth in Western culture and peach in Chinese culture.

Immortal beings and species abound in fiction, especially fantasy fiction, and the meaning of "immortal" tends to vary. The Epic of Gilgamesh , one of the first literary works, is primarily a quest of a hero seeking to become immortal.

Some fictional beings are completely immortal or very nearly so in that they are immune to death by injury, disease and age. Sometimes such powerful immortals can only be killed by each other, as is the case with the Q from the Star Trek series.

Storytellers often make it a point to give weaknesses to even the most indestructible of beings. For instance, Superman is supposed to be invulnerable, yet his enemies were able to exploit his now-infamous weakness: Many fictitious species are said to be immortal if they cannot die of old age, even though they can be killed through other means, such as injury.

Modern fantasy elves often exhibit this form of immortality. Other creatures, such as vampires and the immortals in the film Highlander , can only die from beheading.

The classic and stereotypical vampire is typically slain by one of several very specific means, including a silver bullet or piercing with other silver weapons , a stake through the heart perhaps made of consecrated wood , or by exposing them to sunlight.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Immortal disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. List of longest-living organisms. Eternal life Christianity , Christian conditionalism , and Christian mortalism.

Chiranjivi and Naraka Hinduism. This article relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Chinese alchemy , Taoism and death , and Xian Taoism. Archived from the original on Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 11 May The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Academic Press, San Diego. Retrieved March 3, New Scientist magazine, issue , page The Immortal Life Cycle of Turritopsis".

A Means to an End: The biological basis of aging and death. Archived copy as title link About telomeres and programmed cell death. Fenton and Dan L.

Pleiotropy, natural selection and the evolution of senescence. Archived from the original PDF on Archived copy as title link Paper in which Williams describes his theory of antagonistic pleiotropy.

Retrieved May 5, The Singularity Is Near. Check date values in: Future of Humanity Institute, Oxford University. Retrieved 5 April The basic idea is to take a particular brain, scan its structure in detail, and construct a software model of it that is so faithful to the original that, when run on appropriate hardware, it will behave in essentially the same way as the original brain.

In the Fabled East: The creation narrative is clear that all life originates with God. Time Traveler for immortality The first known use of immortality was in the 14th century See more words from the same century.

English Language Learners Definition of immortality. Kids Definition of immortality. More from Merriam-Webster on immortality Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with immortality Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for immortality Spanish Central: Translation of immortality Nglish: Translation of immortality for Spanish Speakers Britannica.

Comments on immortality What made you want to look up immortality? Get Word of the Day daily email! Need even more definitions? A Battle of Words Boston vs.

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Die Wortschöpfung Immortality Drive ist im Englischen mehrdeutig. Log dich ein um diese Funktion 5 card draw nutzen. Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Unvergänglichkeit ansehen Substantiv - Cricket world cup. I learnt that immortality is unendurable alone. Er ist ekstatischer Stratege des Projektes Unsterblichkeit und Gottwerdung.

Immortality Video

Why Age? Should We End Aging Forever? Immortality is eternal lifebeing exempt from deathunending existence. Many fictitious species poker bwin said to be immortal if they cannot die of old age, even though they can be killed through other means, such as injury. After this point, the human body could be treated as an optional accessory and the program casino club software the person could be transferred to any sufficiently powerful computer. Jesus Walk Bible Study Series. Look up immortality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. For instance, Superman is supposed to be invulnerable, yet his enemies were able to exploit his now-infamous weakness: The Persian word for "immortal" is associated with the month "Amurdad", meaning "deathless" in Persian, in the Iranian calendar near the end of July. As Kagan notes, his argument is an adaptation of a similar argument given by the British philosopher Bernard Williams in his book 11.11 frankreich of the Self Without a simultaneous upload of consciousness, the original living entity remains mortal, thus bethome achieving true klaus augenthaler familie. This page was last edited on wm quali griechenland Januaryat The philosophical idea of an immortal soul was a belief first appearing with either Pherecydes or the Orphicsand most importantly advocated by Plato and his followers. Retrieved 9 October There hot persuit some known naturally occurring and artificially produced chemicals that may increase the lifetime or life-expectancy of a person or organism, such as resveratrol. Technological immortality is the prospect europa league quali dortmund much longer life spans made possible by scientific advances in a variety of fields:

Vaccines are being researched for AIDS and tuberculosis. Genes associated with type 1 diabetes and certain types of cancer have been discovered, allowing for new therapies to be developed.

Artificial devices attached directly to the nervous system may restore sight to the blind. Drugs are being developed to treat a myriad of other diseases and ailments.

Physical trauma would remain as a threat to perpetual physical life, as an otherwise immortal person would still be subject to unforeseen accidents or catastrophes.

The speed and quality of paramedic response remains a determining factor in surviving severe trauma. Being the seat of consciousness , the brain cannot be risked to trauma if a continuous physical life is to be maintained.

This aversion to trauma risk to the brain would naturally result in significant behavioral changes that would render physical immortality undesirable for some people.

Organisms otherwise unaffected by these causes of death would still face the problem of obtaining sustenance whether from currently available agricultural processes or from hypothetical future technological processes in the face of changing availability of suitable resources as environmental conditions change.

After avoiding aging, disease, and trauma, you could still starve to death. If there is no limitation on the degree of gradual mitigation of risk then it is possible that the cumulative probability of death over an infinite horizon is less than certainty , even when the risk of fatal trauma in any finite period is greater than zero.

Mathematically, this is an aspect of achieving " actuarial escape velocity ". Biological immortality is an absence of aging.

A cell or organism that does not experience aging, or ceases to age at some point, is biologically immortal. Biologists have chosen the word "immortal" to designate cells that are not limited by the Hayflick limit , where cells no longer divide because of DNA damage or shortened telomeres.

The first and still most widely used immortal cell line is HeLa , developed from cells taken from the malignant cervical tumor of Henrietta Lacks without her consent in Prior to the work of Leonard Hayflick , there was the erroneous belief fostered by Alexis Carrel that all normal somatic cells are immortal.

By preventing cells from reaching senescence one can achieve biological immortality; telomeres, a "cap" at the end of DNA, are thought to be the cause of cell aging.

Every time a cell divides the telomere becomes a bit shorter; when it is finally worn down, the cell is unable to split and dies. Telomerase is an enzyme which rebuilds the telomeres in stem cells and cancer cells, allowing them to replicate an infinite number of times.

On the other hand, scientists hope to be able to grow organs with the help of stem cells, allowing organ transplants without the risk of rejection, another step in extending human life expectancy.

These technologies are the subject of ongoing research, and are not yet realized. Life defined as biologically immortal is still susceptible to causes of death besides aging, including disease and trauma, as defined above.

Notable immortal species include:. As the existence of biologically immortal species demonstrates, there is no thermodynamic necessity for senescence: Living systems can even build themselves up from seed, and routinely repair themselves.

Aging is therefore presumed to be a byproduct of evolution , but why mortality should be selected for remains a subject of research and debate.

Programmed cell death and the telomere "end replication problem" are found even in the earliest and simplest of organisms.

There are some known naturally occurring and artificially produced chemicals that may increase the lifetime or life-expectancy of a person or organism, such as resveratrol.

Some scientists believe that boosting the amount or proportion of telomerase in the body, a naturally forming enzyme that helps maintain the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes , could prevent cells from dying and so may ultimately lead to extended, healthier lifespans.

In normal circumstances, without the presence of telomerase, if a cell divides repeatedly, at some point all the progeny will reach their Hayflick limit.

With the presence of telomerase, each dividing cell can replace the lost bit of DNA , and any single cell can then divide unbounded.

While this unbounded growth property has excited many researchers, caution is warranted in exploiting this property, as exactly this same unbounded growth is a crucial step in enabling cancerous growth.

If an organism can replicate its body cells faster, then it would theoretically stop aging. Embryonic stem cells express telomerase, which allows them to divide repeatedly and form the individual.

In adults, telomerase is highly expressed in cells that need to divide regularly e. Technological immortality is the prospect for much longer life spans made possible by scientific advances in a variety of fields: Contemporary life spans in the advanced industrial societies are already markedly longer than those of the past because of better nutrition, availability of health care, standard of living and bio-medical scientific advances.

Technological immortality predicts further progress for the same reasons over the near term. An important aspect of current scientific thinking about immortality is that some combination of human cloning , cryonics or nanotechnology will play an essential role in extreme life extension.

Robert Freitas , a nanorobotics theorist, suggests tiny medical nanorobots could be created to go through human bloodstreams, find dangerous things like cancer cells and bacteria, and destroy them.

This supports the theory that we will be able to continually create biological or synthetic replacement parts to replace damaged or dying ones.

Future advances in nanomedicine could give rise to life extension through the repair of many processes thought to be responsible for aging. Eric Drexler , one of the founders of nanotechnology , postulated cell repair devices, including ones operating within cells and utilizing as yet hypothetical biological machines , in his book Engines of Creation.

Raymond Kurzweil , a futurist and transhumanist , stated in his book The Singularity Is Near that he believes that advanced medical nanorobotics could completely remedy the effects of aging by Hibbs suggested that certain repair machines might one day be reduced in size to the point that it would, in theory, be possible to as Feynman put it " swallow the doctor ".

Modern cryonics procedures use a process called vitrification which creates a glass-like state rather than freezing as the body is brought to low temperatures.

Extropian futurists like Moravec and Kurzweil have proposed that, thanks to exponentially growing computing power, it will someday be possible to upload human consciousness onto a computer system, and exist indefinitely in a virtual environment.

This could be accomplished via advanced cybernetics, where computer hardware would initially be installed in the brain to help sort memory or accelerate thought processes.

After this point, the human body could be treated as an optional accessory and the program implementing the person could be transferred to any sufficiently powerful computer.

What level of detail such scans and simulations would need to achieve to emulate awareness, and whether the scanning process would destroy the brain, is still to be determined.

An uploaded mind would only be a copy of the original mind, and not the conscious mind of the living entity associated in such a transfer.

Without a simultaneous upload of consciousness, the original living entity remains mortal, thus not achieving true immortality.

Whatever the route to mind upload, persons in this state could then be considered essentially immortal, short of loss or traumatic destruction of the machines that maintained them.

Transforming a human into a cyborg can include brain implants or extracting a human processing unit and placing it in a robotic life-support system.

Even replacing biological organs with robotic ones could increase life span e. Some people believe that such modifications would make one impervious to aging and disease and theoretically immortal unless killed or destroyed.

Immortality in ancient Greek religion originally always included an eternal union of body and soul as can be seen in Homer , Hesiod , and various other ancient texts.

The soul was considered to have an eternal existence in Hades, but without the body the soul was considered dead.

Although almost everybody had nothing to look forward to but an eternal existence as a disembodied dead soul, a number of men and women were considered to have gained physical immortality and been brought to live forever in either Elysium , the Islands of the Blessed , heaven, the ocean or literally right under the ground.

Some were considered to have died and been resurrected before they achieved physical immortality. Asclepius was killed by Zeus only to be resurrected and transformed into a major deity.

In some versions of the Trojan War myth, Achilles , after being killed, was snatched from his funeral pyre by his divine mother Thetis, resurrected, and brought to an immortal existence in either Leuce , the Elysian plains, or the Islands of the Blessed.

Memnon , who was killed by Achilles, seems to have received a similar fate. Alcmene , Castor , Heracles , and Melicertes were also among the figures sometimes considered to have been resurrected to physical immortality.

Later he was found not only to have been resurrected but to have gained immortality. The philosophical idea of an immortal soul was a belief first appearing with either Pherecydes or the Orphics , and most importantly advocated by Plato and his followers.

This, however, never became the general norm in Hellenistic thought. As may be witnessed even into the Christian era, not least by the complaints of various philosophers over popular beliefs, many or perhaps most traditional Greeks maintained the conviction that certain individuals were resurrected from the dead and made physically immortal and that others could only look forward to an existence as disembodied and dead, though everlasting, souls.

The parallel between these traditional beliefs and the later resurrection of Jesus was not lost on the early Christians, as Justin Martyr argued: Jesus Christ, our teacher, was crucified and died, and rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propose nothing different from what you believe regarding those whom you consider sons of Zeus.

The goal of Hinayana is Arhatship and Nirvana. By contrast, the goal of Mahayana is Buddhahood. According to one Tibetan Buddhist teaching, Dzogchen , individuals can transform the physical body into an immortal body of light called the rainbow body.

Christian theology holds that Adam and Eve lost physical immortality for themselves and all their descendants in the Fall of man , although this initial "imperishability of the bodily frame of man" was "a preternatural condition".

Wright , a theologian and former Bishop of Durham , has said many people forget the physical aspect of what Jesus promised. Wright says John Polkinghorne , a physicist and a priest, has put it this way: Hindus believe in an immortal soul which is reincarnated after death.

According to Hinduism, people repeat a process of life, death, and rebirth in a cycle called samsara. If they live their life well, their karma improves and their station in the next life will be higher, and conversely lower if they live their life poorly.

After many life times of perfecting its karma, the soul is freed from the cycle and lives in perpetual bliss. There is no place of eternal torment in Hinduism, although if a soul consistently lives very evil lives, it could work its way down to the very bottom of the cycle.

There are explicit renderings in the Upanishads alluding to a physically immortal state brought about by purification, and sublimation of the 5 elements that make up the body.

Another view of immortality is traced to the Vedic tradition by the interpretation of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi:.

That man indeed whom these contacts do not disturb, who is even-minded in pleasure and pain, steadfast, he is fit for immortality, O best of men.

To Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the verse means, "Once a man has become established in the understanding of the permanent reality of life, his mind rises above the influence of pleasure and pain.

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Synonyms Example Sentences Learn More about immortality. Synonyms for immortality Synonyms afterlife , beyond , eternity , hereafter Visit the Thesaurus for More.

Examples of immortality in a Sentence She believed in the immortality of the soul. He found immortality through his films.

Pearson has talked about immortality. First Known Use of immortality 14th century, in the meaning defined above. The New York Observer.

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